News Feature

QEC welcomes Federal Budget critical minerals and exploration initiatives

BUDGET REACTION - The Queensland Exploration Council (QEC) has welcomed exploration-focused initiatives, announced in the 2024-25 Federal Budget, that will support critical minerals exploration in Queensland.

QEC chair, Kim Wainwright said the $7 billion allocation for a 10 percent production tax credit over the decade from 2027-28 was encouraging for critical mineral explorers to progress to production.

“Queensland's vast endowment of critical minerals, like rare earth elements, cobalt, titanium, vanadium and silica, lays a solid foundation towards advancing clean energy technologies worldwide,” Ms Wainwright said. 

“Recognising the pivotal role of critical minerals in shaping A Future Made in Australia, the Australian Government’s initiative is welcome, and I look forward to seeing critical minerals production increase over the decade.

Ms Wainwright said the additional announcement on the allocation of funds for pre-feasibility studies for common-user processing facilities and a critical minerals trade enhancement initiative underscored the Federal Government’s stance in positioning Australia as a critical minerals leader.

“The crucial component to complete the puzzle is the essential infrastructure across the supply chain for critical minerals processing here in Queensland,” Ms Wainwright said.

“We’ve witnessed a notable success story in Queensland with the common-user vanadium processing facility in Townsville, originally announced in 2021. However, to further advance our capabilities, we need additional facilities in Queensland, particularly in the North West Minerals Province.

Queensland Resources Council chief executive officer, Janette Hewson said the Federal Budget’s $566 million funding to Geoscience Australia over the next 10 years towards the Resourcing Australia’s Prosperity program, heralded a new era of comprehensive mapping and exploration efforts.

“Through in-depth analysis of highly prospective regions, critical minerals, groundwater reservoirs, and resources essential for our transition to a lower emissions future, this initiative lays the groundwork for sustained prosperity and innovation,” Ms Hewson said.

QEC’s Kim Wainwright said Queensland continued to play a pivotal role in Australia’s exploration landscape.

“QEC stands ready to collaborate with stakeholders to harness the full potential of these initiatives,” Ms Wainwright said. 

www.qrc.org.au

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Builders encourage both parties to ‘solve the problems’

BUDGET REACTION – Building enough homes for all Australians is again at the centre of Federal policy decisions, with the Opposition’s Budget reply acknowledging the critical importance of addressing housing supply challenges, said Master Builders Australia CEO Denita Wawn.

“To solve the housing crisis, we need to see action beyond the housing portfolio with skills, migration, infrastructure, industrial relations, defence, social services, and industry portfolios pulling in the same direction,” Ms Wawn said.

“Builders applaud the Opposition for calling out the damaging impacts of recent industrial relations reforms and commitment to remove this complex legislation and provide more certainty for business.

“The Government’s recent industrial relations legislation ultimately make home building more expensive and blow out supporting infrastructure projects.

“Recent modelling found under a best-case scenario, new industrial relations laws will see at least 15,000 fewer homes and almost 8,000 fewer jobs and cost the economy over $113 billion over the next five years,” Ms Wawn said. 

“Master Builders welcomes the Opposition’s decision to extend and expand the instant asset write-off for small business to $30,000, $10,000 more than the Government’s policy but more support is needed.

“The viability of the building and construction industry remains key to bringing down inflation and boosting economic growth.

“We must reduce the time it takes to build and minimise increasing construction cost blowouts in infrastructure, commercial and housing projects. These costs are ultimately passed on to consumers or taxpayers.

“We know higher than anticipated migration levels have exacerbated an already constrained housing system, but the Opposition has rightfully not shut the door on the very tradies we need to build more homes.

“The industry needs half a million new workers over the next three to five years which we cannot fill domestically alone - skilled migration represents a vital piece of the puzzle,” Ms Wawn said.

“Both major parties have this week committed to ensuring Australia is an attractive destination for skilled migrant tradies.

“With considerable numbers of older workers retiring from the construction industry each week, the pressure to replace their decades of experience and upskilling is considerable.

“We welcome incentives to encourage older workers back into the workforce without reducing pension payments.

“As we gear up for the Federal Election, both major parties are now on notice to produce a plan to ensure that all policy levers are being pulled in the same direction to strengthen the industry and boost housing supply,” Ms Wawn said.

www.masterbuilders.com.au

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FSC ticks Budget’s lean into long-term plan for financial services

BUDGET REACTION - The Financial Services Council (FSC) has welcomed the Federal Government focusing on its long-term plan for financial services and the investment community with a ‘no surprises’ Budget for the sector.

According to the FSC, the Federal Budget recognised the important role investors play in supporting Australia’s economic growth, outlining a ‘single front door’ strategy for major investors, and a central role for the financial services sector in the government’s Sustainable Finance Policy Agenda.

The FSC welcomed the ‘front door’ strategy and the government’s commitment to consult on how it can facilitate investments, along with the new funding for a product labelling regime for investment products, issuing green bonds, and developing a regulatory framework that complements international frameworks. 

FSC CEO Blake Briggs said, “Australia’s investment community is key to the transition to a low-carbon economy and the Federal Budget recognises the importance of developing an internationally aligned regulatory regime and a clear investment product labelling framework.”

The government confirmed industry-supported reforms to superannuation to back Australians who take paid parental leave (PPL) by paying superannuation on the Federal Government PPL scheme from July 1, 2025.

“We congratulate the government on moving forward with its paid parental leave scheme which would increase the financial security and wellbeing of Australian women, who retire with 25 percent less superannuation than men,” Mr Briggs said.

The Budget also introduced a streamlined foreign investment framework, reducing the regulatory burden on trusted international investors.

“The FSC supports reforms to simplify and streamline foreign investment in Australia and the Treasurer’s plan to exempt low risk interfunding transactions from Foreign Investment Review Board (FIRB) applications and fees,” Mr Briggs said.

“We also welcome the announcement that investors with a proven track record will be provided with a fast-tracked FIRB approval process. These measures will lower the regulatory burden for global investors and ultimately mean lower costs for Australians who invest in those funds.”

While the FSC supported the measures, Mr Briggs said there was more than could be done to capitalise on growth in the Australian financial services industry.

“There are significant opportunities for Australia to become a global financial centre by implementing strategic reform to become a more attractive and competitive destination for international investment,” Mr Briggs said. 

www.fsc.org.au

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Brisbane strikes gold in taking a lead on UN Sustainable Development Goals

By Mike Sullivan at the ASIA PACIFIC CITIES SUMMIT >>

A SIGNIFICANT announcement by UN-Habitat representative Bruno Dercon, at yesterday’s Asia Pacific Cities Summit opening, was the awarding of gold level status to Brisbane City under the United Nations’ (UN) Sustainable Development Goals Cities Global Initiative.

Brisbane is the second city in the world to reach the gold level, which is largely about developing accurate and broad data collection on the city, in order to take action on the pathway to achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agreed through the UN.

Cities worldwide are driving ground-level action on the SDGs and Mr Dercon said Brisbane’s gold certification was both an example and an incentive for participants at the Asia Pacitic Cities Summit to follow. More than 1200 delegates, including 118 mayors from around the world, are attending the summit, which concludes today.  

Brisbane was also the first Australian city to receive silver certification in the UN-Habitat’s Sustainable Development Goals Cities Global Initiative in 2022. 

The SDGs are an urgent call for action by all countries – developed and developing – in a  global partnership brokered by the UN. The SDGs recognise that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.

Cities are at the forefront of driving sustainable development, Mr Dercon said. Cities globally are learning from each other.

Brisbane has now joined La Paz, Bolivia as one of two places in the world to attain gold level and will be the first city to submit a new generation Voluntary Local Review (VLR) to mark the city’s progress against the UN’s 17 development goals.

Brisbane Lord Mayor Adrian Schrinner said the UN had recognised how Brisbane City Council’s practical approach towards sustainability was not just about cutting waste and emissions but also cutting costs for Brisbane’s 1.2 million residents. 

“What this recognition from the UN really means is that Brisbane just keeps getting better,” Cr Schrinner said.

“It means the raft of measures our council team continues to undertake to keep Brisbane clean and green, to preserve our unique lifestyle and ensure we grow sustainably is working. It means our practical approach is a far better way to improve sustainability compared with the pie-in the-sky target setting we see so often from other levels of government.

“For example, we’re introducing the new Brisbane Metro, a fully-electric high-capacity mass transit system that will save 50,000 tonnes of emissions over 20 years but also get people where they want to go more efficiently.

“We’re investing in green bridges with the Kangaroo Point Green Bridge to not only remove 80,000 cars a year from our roads but deliver a long-needed connection across the river from Brisbane’s CBD.

“We’re delivering sustainable new parks like Hanlon Park in Stones Corner which not only meant an ugly century-old concrete drain was removed but delivered a great destination for families and restored a more flood-resilient natural waterway,” he said.

“And we’re doing things for households like slashing the costs of green waste recycling bins to $1 a week, making larger yellow-top recycling bins free, providing rebates for composting equipment and expanding Brisbane’s food waste recycling scheme beyond the current 30 suburbs.

“These practical measures don’t just help households cut down on waste. They help them cut down on cost.”

www.brisbane.qld.gov.au

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Climate Energy Finance gives Budget a few ticks

BUDGET REACTION – INDEPENDENT think tank Climate Energy Finance (CEF) director Tim Buckley has highlighted several features of the Federal Budget that relate to bringing more urgency to climate-based econonomic reform.

Mr Buckley, one of Australia’s leading finance and energy analysts, has identified key moves within Federal Treasurer Jim Chalmers’ wide ranging policies that are directly affecting Australia’s approach to climate change.

Mr Buckley called a $4.2bn 2022/23 surplus “a massive fiscal balance improvement” that carries forward to deliver a huge $300bn reduction in Australia’s Federal Government peak net debt over the forward estimates of $703bn by FY2027 (24.1% of GDP).

He also highlighted $4bn in new funding “to make Australia a renewable energy superpower” – taking total funding to $40bn including the previously announced programs. 

“But this is well below the cumulative $100bn of public capital Climate Energy Finance considers is required to crowd-in $200-300bn of private capital investment to position Australia as a global leader in energy transition and ensure our energy security and independence,” Mr Buckley said.

He highlighted the $2bn green Hydrogen Headstart program as an example of energy innovation in the budget.

There was also confirmation of the Capacity Investment Scheme for firming renewable energy tenders (part of $89m funding), replacing the previous government’s CoalKeeper capacity mechanism.

“Disappointingly, zero effort to cap the $9bn per annum imported diesel fuel rebate or to ensure multinational corporations operating in Australia pay any corporate tax here, when multinational corporate tax reform is long overdue,” Mr Buckley said.

Key observations

“We acknowledge the expected $4.2bn 2022/23 budget surplus is a far more robust starting point in Australia’s fiscal position than was expected 6-12 months ago, Mr Buckley said. “This is notwithstanding the likely structural headwinds that will see an annual budget deficit resume, averaging $29bn per annum over the forward estimates, as our terms of trade continue to normalise to long term rates reflecting commodity price declines from unprecedented levels over the last two years, and as inflation pressures and Stage 3 tax cuts hit.

“However, the 2023 budget also works to alleviate some of the inflationary pressures to make them a temporary rather than permanent uplift, which threatened Australian economic growth and sustained energy sector induced cost of living pressures. The rapid decline in fossil fuel commodity prices globally of late is a welcome relief to all Australians, even as it means the end to war-profiteering by fossil fuel exporters.”

Petroleum Rent Resources Tax (PRRT)

Climate Energy Finance said while the Federal Budget showed the gross profits of Australian LNG exporters exceeded a massive $63bn in 2022/23, in the current economic context, the PRRT changes announced prior to the budget release were a serious case of fiscal policy under-reach.

“The marginal reforms to the PRRT, under which producers will be restricted to writing off 90 percent of assessable income as a tax deduction, are designed to pull forward an extra $600m annually over the forward estimates,” Mr Buckley said, pointing out that it was “a pull forward, not an increase in total expected PRRT receipts over the long term”.

Relative to the estimated 4.4 percent PRRT royalty share of revenue in 2022/23, this represents just a tiny 1.0 percent increased share to the taxpayer.

“This looks very pedestrian relative to the LNG export industry’s windfall war-profiteering and oversized contribution to Australian domestic energy price hyperinflation,” Mr Buckley said.

“By contrast, the Queensland Government has levied a progressive royalty on coal exports – designed to deliver a return to the people of Queensland off the back of surging prices – will deliver royalties of 12-20 percent. Even iron exports attract a 7.5 percent royalty,” he said.

 “That the gas industry has been gifted a royalty – misnamed as a superprofits tax – discount relative to every other mining sector in Australia, as it reaps war profits off our sovereign public assets while returning a relative pittance to tax coffers, speaks to the undue influence of the gas cartel and its vocal lobbying on public policy, and the overdue need for donation reform.,” Mr Buckley said.

“For the Albanese Government, Treasurer Jim Chalmers and Finance Minister Katie Gallagher, the far too modest PRRT reforms in this budget are a missed opportunity to deliver a substantial social dividend to the Australian people, limiting the government’s capacity to fund critically urgent social and energy transition programs, and undercutting the government’s claims to fiscal balance and responsibility. 

“We call on the government to refocus attention on multinational corporates operating in Australia to ensure they pay at least some corporate tax here, particularly those fossil fuel global giants who have paid nothing over the last decade, even as they use our finite public resources for private foreign gain. It is disappointing to see not even a reference to this in the 2023 budget.

“At least this budget cans the residual funding from the previous government’s farcical gas-fired recovery subsidy for the Beetaloo exploration, but disappointingly this is redirected into a $7m subsidy for a Future Gas Strategy,” he said.

National Net Zero Authority created

According to Climate Energy Finance, the national Net Zero Authority is “exactly what Australia needs to ensure the national interest is central to its energy and climate policy framework”.

It will help to plan for the accelerating energy transition and work to establish domestic supply chains and areas of priority focus, including value-adding critical minerals pre-export, ideally leveraging our world leading renewable energy resources to refine, process and manufacture so Australia can export “embodied decarbonisation”.

“It is good to see this authority will also be mandated to support First Nations participation,” Mr Buckley said. 

The government has confirmed $83m funding for this Net Zero Authority over four years, plus details on the previously announced $1.9 billion Powering the Regions Fund. 

This includes the $400m Industrial Transformation Stream, the $600m Safeguard Transformation Stream for trade-exposed facilities in the Safeguard Mechanism and a $400m Critical Inputs to Clean Energy Industries Stream to support decarbonisation of sovereign manufacturing capability of critical inputs to the energy transformation, such as steel, cement, lime and aluminium.

“The Net Zero Authority and associated measures will be vital in ensuring Australia’s workforce and communities are best placed to pivot from the fossil fuel focused industries from the past to the clean energy and critical minerals and value adding opportunities of the future,” Mr Buckley said.

“Global supply chain diversity is a critical focus and Australia needs to both protect our own energy security, but also provide an alternative source of green energy supply for our key trade partners. 

“Climate Energy Finance had hoped for more substantive public finance support, like a $20bn national strategic interest funding allocation to the Future Fund to take strategic equity stakes in emerging domestic value-adding mining corporate leaders to help retain majority Australian ownership.”

Relief for energy bills

The budget provided the previously agreed Federal Government half of the $3bn in co-funded – with state governments – power price cost of living relief of $500 per household for the most vulnerable Australians hit by the surging hyperinflation of domestic fossil fuel energy prices over 2022 and 2023. This has been made all the more urgent after the Reserve Bank of Australia’s 11th interest rate hike earlier this month. Nothing further was added to this in the Budget announcements.

Business and household electrification package

The Federal Government has already announced a $314m tax relief Small Business Energy Incentive for investments in energy-efficient equipment of SME businesses via a tax deduction of up to $20,000.

Low-income households and renters should likewise benefit from a $1bn low-interest loan program to be administered by the Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC), in partnership with private banks, for home building energy efficiency upgrades, created to boost energy efficiency and insulate households from price shocks in energy markets. 

A further $300m in this budget is being provided to fund energy performance upgrades on 60,000 social housing properties. Another $37m is allocated to modernise Austrlaia’s energy efficiency standards, including expanding the Nationwide House Energy Rating Scheme (NatHERS) to cover existing homes as well as new builds. This should create an energy efficiency star rating system that will help Australians make the best choices when it comes to renting, purchasing, or renovating houses. This is a key priority Climate Energy Finance has been calling for, Mr Buckley said.

Australia’s US Inflation Reduction Act response

Climate Energy Finance said “the race is on” for Australia to position itself as a renewables, critical minerals and metals and cleantech superpower. Global investment momentum in energy transition has been supercharged by US President Joe Biden’s trillion dollar US Inflation Reduction Act, and China leads across all facets of decarbonisation. 

The October 2022 Budget review established significant public financing support for the energy transition, with the $20bn Rewiring the Nation Fund managed by the CEFC; the $3bn renewables, green metals and low emissions technologies funding included in the wider $15bn National Reconstruction Fund; the $1.9bn Powering the Regions Fund (key to assisting the implementation of the Safeguard Mechanism); the $525m Hydrogen Hubs; $146m Driving the Nation Fund; $83m First Nations Community Microgrids; and $188m community batteries fund each managed by the Australian Renewwable Energy Agency (ARENA).

Climate Energy Finance was pleased to see the Capacity Investment Scheme (CIS) announced in December 2022 confirmed in this budget, replacing CoalKeeper.

“With the inevitable acceleration of coal fired power plant closures, and the ongoing delays to the Snowy 2.0 pumped hydro storage project, this will play a critical role of crowding-in private capital for accelerated battery storage investments to complement the rapid renewable energy capacity buildout of the states-led Renewable Energy Zones,” Mr Buckley said. “The budget papers do not directly disclose this $89m of funding, given it is commercially sensitive,  i.e. subject to public tenders, expected to commence late 2023.”

“This budget brings a new $2bn Hydrogen Headstart program to ensure large-scale domestic renewable hydrogen projects get started via competitive hydrogen production contracts. The budget provides $38m to establish the previously announced Guarantee of Origin scheme to track and verify emissions associated with hydrogen and low emissions products, as well as provide a mechanism to certify renewable electricity.

“The skills and training sector will benefit from $3.7bn extra for the five-year National Skills Agreement, taking total federal spending to $12.8bn.

“Green finance initiatives include the previously announced $8m over four years to issue sovereign green bonds, a $1.6m contribution to support Australian Sustainable Finance Institute (ASFI) develop its sustainable finance taxonomy, and $4.2m for ASIC for enforcement actions against greenwashing. Also, $18m is provided to implement reforms to the operation of the Australian Carbon Credit Unit (ACCU) scheme,” Mr Buckley said.

“This budget provides additional public capital support for the energy transition to help ensure Australia leverages our world leading renewable energy potential to value-add our globally significant critical minerals and green metal resources onshore pre-export. 

“This budget mostly reflects the previously announced $2bn Critical Minerals Facility administered by EFA, as well as an additional $57m to develop a Critical Minerals International Partnerships program to secure strategic partnerships internationally and $23m for policy and project facilitation. 

“Australia needs to focus on ensuring our exports include ‘embodied decarbonisation’ – by powering processing, refining and manufacturing onshore with renewables. This will assist our trade partners in our mutual quest for global decarbonisation at the speed and scale the climate science demands.”

Climate Energy Finance has called on the Federal Government to commit $100bn collective public capital support into energy transition initiatives – across the CEFC, Future Fund, ARENA, Export Finance Australia (EFA) and the Northern Australia Infrastructure Facility (NAIF) – to both ensure the strategic national interest is promoted and to crowd-in upwards of $200-300bn of private capital from Australia’s world leading $3.4 trillion superannuation pool.

Emissions monitoring and environmental protection

The Federal Government also provided additional funding of $22m over three years ,from 2023–24, to maintain and enhance the capability of Australia’s National Greenhouse Accounts to deliver high-quality emissions data and track progress against Australia’s emissions reduction targets.

“Credible real time public disclosure of monitoring, verification and reporting (MRV) of key facilities is yet to be made government policy, but this enhanced reporting is at least a step towards data integrity,” Mr Buckley said.

The Federal Government will also provide $214m over four years to deliver the Nature Positive Plan, including $121m over four years to establish Environment Protection Australia (EPA) to enforce environmental laws “and restore confidence in Australia’s environmental protection system” Mr Buckley said.

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Oxfam says Budget a missed opportunity to tackle deepening inequality

BUDGET REACTION – OXFAM AUSTRALIA chief executive Lyn Morgain has called the 2023 Federal Budget “a missed opportunity to tackle deepening inequality”.

“After promising signs in the government’s October budget of increased investment in international development, this budget presented an opportunity to take further steps to make a real difference to the lives of millions of people who have been affected by climate change, conflict and growing inequality,” Ms Morgain said. 

“We welcome the efforts by the government to stabilise the aid budget after a decade of decline and to grow it incrementally over the forward estimates.

“We also welcome government funding to establish the Anti-Slavery Commissioner to ensure compliance with the Modern Slavery Act

“However, despite polling showing growing public support for aid, the government is a long way from achieving the recommended international target of 0.7 percent GNI (gross national income) – that figure has stagnated this year at just 0.2 percent in real terms,” Ms Morgain said. 

“A greater sense of urgency is required on key challenges such as famine prevention and climate change. There is a deepening hunger crisis in many parts of the world and Oxfam, along with other aid agencies, has been calling for an increase to the Humanitarian Emergency Fund to help avert a catastrophe and save lives. It’s disappointing to see the government fail to step up and pay our fair share. 

“If we can afford to subsidise the fossil fuel industry to the tune of $46 billion over four years and $240 billion over 10 years for the unfair stage three tax cuts, we can afford to contribute more to the international effort to prevent millions of people from experiencing famine and to lift people out of poverty,” Ms Morgain said.

“Australia now ranks 27th out of 30 OECD aid donors and is the least generous of our AUKUS partners. Meanwhile, global needs continue to grow with 65 million more people experiencing extreme hunger than last year and the number of people forced from their homes by conflict, the climate crisis and persecution skyrocketing.  

“Next year’s budget will be ‘make or break’ on the stage three tax cuts, and we need urgent tax reform to fund the growing needs we face for investment in international development and responding to climate change in our region, as well as to tackle growing inequality at home.” 

www.oxfam.org.au

 

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Health sector forced to innovate – and communicate – by COVID pandemic

By Leon Gettler, Talking Business >>

THE ENTIRE medical industry has been forced to adapt and innovate in the post-COVID era, according to associate professor Sanjay Warrier.

Dr Warrier is a Sydney based breast surgeon at Chris O'Brien Lifehouse, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and the Mater Hospital.

He said in the early days of COVID, there was actually a reduction in the number of breast cancer referrals.

“Over two months, less people were screening and as a result of that there was a reduction in referrals,” Dr Warrier told Talking Business.

“We know that one in seven women have breast cancer. So they still have other things happening to them and ultimately at that time, they weren’t presenting and that was partly because of concerns at that time relating to COVID. 

“What has happened over a period of time has been the ability for us as medical people to adapt to COVID.

“The first time it happened, no one really knew what to do and that was probably showcased by varying things. Initial recommendations were you don’t need a face mask when you were seeing patients.

“And things have adapted a long way when it comes to PPE (personal protective equipment),” Dr Warrier said.

“We are a lot more now keen to be engaging people with symptoms and also encouraging screening as well.”

Health care communication changed forever

Dr Warrier said this forced adaptation had affected the entire health care industry.

“Across the scope, it comes to provision of services, but also anyone across the industry would have noticed a reduction in seeing people – but it doesn’t necessarily mean people aren’t getting sick for other reasons outside of COVID,” he said.

This means doctors are now more aware of the importance of messaging to patients.

“It’ is about messaging to the public – whether it’s through government, whether it’s through campaigns – that there will be across Australia, and particularly in multicultural cities, like Sydney and Melbourne. It’s not just about one demographic either,” Dr Warrier said.

“In our area of health, we have a lot of culturally linguistic things that we need to target and when we look at our screening program, when we restarted it, there were certain patients in our area – we had 4000 less screens – and a lot of them are from non-English speaking backgrounds.

“So we did a lot of advertising and using telehealth services in multiple languages to try and target these groups so that they would come back and do their potential screens for breast cancer.”

Re-setting patient care in a busy world

Delays in appointment-setting have become part of the ‘new-normal’ in Australia healthcare, but Dr Warrier said better communication would help to alleviate the situation.

 “So I think as a medical profession, we have an obligation to ensure that people are aware that if they have symptoms, that they should go and seek a specialist opinion,” he said.

Dr Warrier said this meant the medical industry now had to innovate to reach patients more effectively in the post-COVID era.

This can also be done by working with governments and bodies like the Cancer Institute and breast cancer advocacy groups,

As we enter the fourth year of COVID, there have been noticeable changes, he said. People were now more aware of keeping distanced, they were wearing masks and medical staff were now seeing people face-to-face more regularly.

“It’s just giving those messages across to the broader community … don’t forget about doing the things you need to do to make sure you live a long healthy life,” Dr Warrier said.

www.leongettler.com

Hear the complete interview and catch up with other topical business news on Leon Gettler’s Talking Business podcast, released every Friday at www.acast.com/talkingbusiness.

https://play.acast.com/s/talkingbusiness/talking-business7-interview-with-dr-sanjay-warrier

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